The tooth loss can be a problem in the mouth as the masticatory function is affected. In many of these cases, it is decided to place dental implants to restore oral function. The dental implants are titanium structures that are surgically placed into the jawbone. The dental implant replaces the root of the lost tooth, and then the crown is placed over the implant. These are a very good option to replace lost teeth. In this way, the function performed by the lost tooth is recovered and the aesthetic is also recovered. The placement of dental implants has some risk factors and may cause some side effects discussed below.
What Risk Factors Do Dental Implants Have?
The risk factors for implants are highly related to poor oral hygiene, smoking, periodontal disease, presenting systemic diseases, such as osteoporosis or diabetes mellitus, and being undergoing radiotherapy. A poor oral hygiene or hygiene inadequate in the area of implants, makes for a greater accumulation of plaque in the area of the implant and therefore there is a condition of the tissues surrounding the implant causing inflammation and a consequent bone loss.
Consumption snuff is one of the major risk factors in the placement of dental implants. Smoking is a risk factor since it causes vasoconstriction which increases bone loss and, therefore, periodontal disease. Also, tobacco delays healing and may favor bone loss. The periodontal disease existing at the time of implant placement, if this is not regularly monitored by professionals can be a major risk factor for poor prognosis of the implant. I produce the so-called periimplantitis, the loss of support tissue of the implant. In addition, the bone level is important to be able to place the dental implant, if there is periodontal disease there is a bone loss and, therefore, the area will have to be regenerated in order to place the implant. In the presence of systemic diseases before the placement of dental implants can be an important risk factor. In order to place the implants, the disease must be studied and, if necessary, consulted with the attending physician, in order to organize the appropriate treatment plan.
What can be the side effects of dental implant placement?
The placement of dental implants is a procedure that is performed surgically. The surgical act may favor the appearance of side effects that often occur normally. Edema or swelling are usually the main side effects after placement of dental implants. In the early postoperative period, there is an edema which can be controlled by applying ice intermittently in the area and by anti-inflammatories. Erythema, called bruises, may also appear. These are normal responses that the body makes after surgery. Along with this, pain or painful sensation is usually frequent. Thanks to analgesic drugs, pain can be controlled. Another side effect may be the infection of the area. It is convenient to perform good oral hygiene and follow the guidelines indicated by the specialist so that the side effects are minimal and that the postoperative course is normal.